Palazzo Pitti was the residence of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany , already inhabited by the Medici , the Habsburg-Lorraine and the Savoy . It is located in Piazza dei Pitti at number 1, in the area of Oltrarno . Inside is a museum complex consisting of galleries and museums of different nature: the Galleria Palatina (the art gallery preserves masterpieces by Raphael , Titian , etc. .) arranged according to the criterion of the eighteenth-century picture gallery , the Royal Apartments , the Duchess of Aosta Apartment and the Prince of Naples District (usually not visited by tourists), the Modern Art Gallery (with the works of the Macchiaioli ) and other specialized museums: the Treasury of the Grand Dukes , dedicated to applied art, the Museum of fashion and costume , the largest Italian fashion museum, the Porcelain Museum and the Coach Museum . The monumental gardens of Boboli are one of the best examples in the world of Italian garden . The entire museum complex of Palazzo Pitti, which also includes the Boboli Gardens, was visited in 2016 by a total of 1,282,089 people, making it, after the Uffizi and the Accademia, the third most visited Italian state museum in Florence.