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The basilica of Santa Croce , in the homonymous square to Florence , is one of the largest churches officiated by Franciscans and one of the highest achievements of the Gothic in Italy . It is known as Tempio dell'Itale glorie for the numerous burials of the great artists, writers and scientists it contains.
Despite being a Catholic church, there are also burials of non-believers, like Foscolo himself. The first personality here inhumata was Leonardo Bruni , while the last person actually buried in Santa Croce was Giovanni Gentile in 1944 , but in the post-war period plaques will be affixed commemorative, such as the one for Enrico Fermi , whose tomb is located in United States where he died in 1954 .
Santa Croce is a prestigious symbol of Florence, the meeting place of the greatest artists, theologians, religious, writers, humanists and politicians, who determined, in good and bad fortune, the identity of the late medieval and renaissance city. Inside, they also found famous celebrities from the history of the Church as St. Bonaventure , Pietro di Giovanni Olivi , St. Anthony of Padua , Saint Bernardine of Siena , Saint Ludwig of Anjou . It was also a place of welcome for pontiffs as Sixtus IV , Eugenio IV , Leo X , Clement XIV . It has the rank of Minor Basilica .